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EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: What's our role in democratic life?


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The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights sets out into primary EU law a broad selection of personal freedoms that EU citizens benefit from, relating to questions of dignity, freedom, equality, solidarity, citizens’ rights and justice. Along with the Treaty of Lisbon, the Charter became legally binding on 1st December 2009, and, in line with the evolving nature of society, it helps to protect the fundamental rights of the citizens and residents of the EU.

Recent years have seen more and more young people mobilising to implement global change, from striking for climate action, to protesting against social injustices. The participation of young people in democratic life is crucial in shaping a future Europe that continues to promote human rights across its Member States.

Now, it’s over to you: What is the role of today’s youth in promoting the protection of fundamental rights across Europe?

  • Why do we need the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights?
  • How can the European Parliament build on the political participation of young people?
  • Is there room for fundamental rights to be strengthened across Europe?
  • If you were an MEP, how would you improve equality and non-discrimination in Europe?


Euroscola session
EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

The European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) has selected some of its resources to provide young people like you with background information and insights linked to the topic above.

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Della Valle Angelo Velletri {RM}
12 March 2021
La mia proposta era quella di creare eventi di tipo solidale, aperti a tutta la popolazione, dove si parlasse di tematiche attuali, senza sfociare nella pesantezza, magari facendolo tramite presentazioni ed incontri con autorità locali e non.
Non limitare questi eventi ad una mero incontro dove si parla e basta, ma attuare attività solidali, attività ludiche per includere i giovani e del cibo perché il cibo unisce e può aiutare a coinvolgere più persone possibili.
Cari saluti dal italia
Leah Byrne
12 February 2021
Arable (crop) farmers across the EU must comply with current regulations on chemical treatments such as pesticides and fertilisers meaning that many treatments are banned, and others are more expensive. The EU continuously ban different chemicals due to environmental and human health concerns, making it harder and more expensive to farm every day. How are farmers expected to compete with produce imported from outside the EU, (which may not subject its farmers to such standards,) which is subsequently cheaper? The EU is pushing their own farmers out of the market and letting competition in with lower standards. Article 37 states: “A high level of environmental protection and the improvement of the quality of the environment must be integrated into the policies of the Union and ensured in accordance with the principle of sustainable development.” and Article 35: “Everyone has the right of access to preventive health care and the right to benefit from medical treatment under the conditions established by national laws and practices. A high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and implementation of all the Union's policies and activities.” If the EU is so committed to the health of its citizens and the environment, why are the standards allowed to be lowered for external countries?
Ángel Baños
12 February 2021
Artículo 7
Respeto de la vida privada y familiar
Si según este artículo tenemos derecho al respeto y seguridad en nuestra entorno más cercano y querido, ¿porque está penado el hecho de defenderte de cualquiera tipo de allanamiento o de violacion de ese derecho? Con esto me refiero al hecho de tener que utilizar la fuerza en el caso de que sea necesario.
Gracias por su atención.
Roko Bogdan
12 February 2021
I think that the current general interest of young people in politics is unworthy of a modern society. We need to improve the image of it and encourage young people to cooperate and take an interest in it's daily happenings. We often say that we leave the world for generations to come. But if we repeat mistakes like our predecessors and do not improve our approach and action, what are the benefits of that? It should be pointed out that politics is a powerful, but also an effective tool that young people can and must use to promote their rights, obligations and responsibilities.
The point is that this should be indicated in a way that would help young people to be more active in the problems that surround them. What incentives can we use to encourage them to be more active, especially in their local community?
Lucia Cerezuela Martínez
11 February 2021
Buenas noches, tras hechar un vistazo a la carta de la Declaración de los Derechos humanos, me han surgido 3 preguntas, la primera es ¿de que manera contribuyen los derechos humanos al analisis de situaciones? y en segundo lugar, si los derechos humanos suelen variar y ser modificados constantemente, o si cada vez que se quiere añadir o eliminar alguno, se necesita un proceso largo, complejo y en el que tengan que intervenir varias personas. Y por último, en el artículo 17, se establece que nadie será privado arbitrariamente de su propiedad, si esto fuese cierto y se cumpliese en todos los países de la UE, ¿porqué en España (por ejemplo) surgen tantos problemas con la ocupación de viviendas? Un saludo y muchas gracias!!
4^ B del Liceo Fonseca di Napoli
11 February 2021
The subject of human rights is much more complex than it appears. And asserting our universal human rights brings us up against specific aspects of the different cultures that of course meet in our global world but also sometimes clash. We could take as an example the rather extreme case of female genital mutilation, which is sometimes actually requested by the very women who undergo the procedure. In fact, no law forbidding the practice is enough in itself to stop a cultural phenomenon like this which is passed down from one generation of victims to the next. Situations like this raise many questions. Is it right to demand respect for human rights and ignore shared cultural traditions? Or should respect for local cultures and their history be a priority, even if this means ignoring human rights?
It is very difficult to find traits that are common to all societies, as the anthropologists and sociologists who have been searching for decades well know, and there is always a risk of falling into the trap of “cultural ethnocentricity” when we think we know what is best for us and for other people. On the other side, multiculturalism opens our minds to recognition of the other and our differences, but can lead to a kind of generic reciprocal tolerance, which is closer to indifference than real understanding.
We believe that we need to open a dialogue with people who are different from us, maintaining an open mind and a critical attitude. Recognition of human rights does not imply a kind of cultural imperialism but is more a question of making people aware of structural violence or social inequalities and injustices which are often masked by a kind of ideological gloss which makes them invisible even to ourselves. It is in this light that we question whether the rights set down in the European Charter represents a common unqualified ideal that works for all nations or a conquest that is open to further developments.

Prasini Kiriaki
11 February 2021
In 2018 the right of << cyber oblivion >> was patented, with new European instructions. This right is so important for people, because it protects the personal data and forbits the access from other users.
Óscar Mateos Molero
11 February 2021
Según el artículo 2 de la Carta de Derechos Fundamentales de la UE toda persona tiene derecho a la vida, ¿no parece ser atacado este artículo por medidas como el aborto? ¿Hasta qué punto el derecho a la vida de una persona está por encima del derecho de otra a decidir sobre su vida?
Martín Liarte
11 February 2021
El artículo 17 de la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea en su primer punto cita: “Toda persona tiene derecho a disfrutar de la propiedad de sus bienes adquiridos legalmente, a usarlos, a disponer de ellos y a legarlos. Nadie puede ser privado de su propiedad más que por causa de utilidad pública, en los casos y condiciones previstos en la ley y a cambio, en un tiempo razonable, de una justa indemnización por su pérdida. El uso de los bienes podrá regularse por ley en la medida que resulte necesario para el interés general.”

En relación a este artículo: Me parece la base fundamental de todo país desarrollado el respeto a la propiedad privada pero creo que no se respeta en algunas ocasiones.
Por ejemplo, en el caso de los ocupas: En este caso, que no es de interés publico, estos delincuentes actúan aprovechando fallos en el sistema y la indiferencia de gobiernos como el de España que legislan cada vez más a favor de este tipo de gente dejando desprovistos de seguridad jurídica a los propietarios legítimos de estas propiedades, evitando que estos puedan disponer de la misma hasta obtener una sentencia firme con respecto al caso(periodo de tiempo muy largo).

En referencia a esto, me gustaría saber si la Unión Europea se plantea algún tipo de ley que luche contra estas conductas, ya sea dando ayudas para la obtención o renta de viviendas por parte de las familias más pobres o endureciendo la pena para este tipo de delitos (actualmente en España solo conllevan multa).
Angelopoulou Konstantina
11 February 2021
By what measures, such as the organisation of the Euroscola programme, the EU is helping to reduce the democratic deficit in the institutions of the European Union?

Iris Neumann
11 February 2021
Según el artículo 21 de la de los derechos fundamentales de la Unión Europea, se prohibe todo tipo de discriminación por sexo, raza, lengua, religión, discapacidad, y orientación sexual entre otras. La realidad es que hoy en día todavía existen muchas personas que no respetan la diversidad cultural y funcional y esto provoca sociedades injustas. Una manera de mejorar la integración podría ser la enseñanza desde edad temprana para hacer ver a las personas que todos tenemos los mismos derechos.
Pablo Micol
11 February 2021
Yo creo que los paises que no cumplen con los derechos fundamentales deverian ser castigados o expulsados de la Union Europea
Apostolos Nikolaou
11 February 2021
During Covid-19 crisis many countries-members of EU give more opportunities in hospitals to younger rather than older people. As result, seniors are unprotected against the virus and their rights are cancelled. We have the obligation to protect them.
Lorena Martínez
11 February 2021
Según el artículo 5,de la Carta de Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea dice: que nadie podrá ser sometido a trabajo forzado u obligado,ni se podrá realizar trata de seres hulanos,ahora bien porque hay países dentro de la Unión Europea que aún siguen teniendo a personas esclavizadas o hacen trata de seres humanos.
¿Piensa la Unión Europea hacer algo al respecto?
11 February 2021
¿Se piensa en alguna medida legal para castigar a las personas que se salten el calendario de vacunación? Ya que en diferentes países de la Unión Europea esto está sucediendo, ya sean políticos y sus relativos, empresarios o cualquier particular.
Planteo esta idea ya que a causa de cada dosis mal usada se pierde una oportunidad de inmunizar a las personas que más lo necesitan y creo que todos pensamos que esto es incorrecto.

Rocío Lobo
11 February 2021
Según el artículo 49 donde dice : "la intensidad de las penas no deberá ser desproporcionada en relación con la infracción" en algunos de los casos no se cumplen .Cada vez vemos con más frecuencia que estamos rodeados de injusticias las cuales deberían de penarse de otra manera y a esto se le suma aquellos muchos casos en los que no hay ningún tipo de pena por una infracción lo suficientemente importante. Este artículo debería de cumplirse tal y como es dictado, pero nos encontramos con un sentimiento de rabia ya que en muchas ocasiones no vemos la solución correcta.
Maria Karavelidou Chatzitheodorou
11 February 2021
What is the EUs policy on the full installation of electromobility, as part of the effort for a greener Europe?
Kioftetzis Christos
11 February 2021
To eradicate the climate change and protect the environment, EU could boost the construction of wind parks and solar panel parks, so that we reduce the pollution from the factories.
selim, kenza, elgone
11 February 2021
What the union must do is to be stricter in terms of laws and by reporting discriminations.

The union must change the laws, the fact That men and women do not have the same equality.
for me they must dispose of the same rights.
Nisrine /Chloé
11 February 2021
If i were an Mep
I would have those who do not respect women's rights prosecuted, women should have the same rights as men.
I would make the penalties for rape more severe in the european union countries.
5^ A del Liceo Fonseca di Napoli
11 February 2021
L’aumento dei flussi migratori verso l’Europa richiede urgenti risposte da parte dell’U.E.
E pertanto riteniamo che:
1) Siano necessarie nuove regole per disciplinare l’immigrazione.
2) Siano necessari controlli più adeguati per controllare gli ingressi illegali alle frontiere.
3) L’accesso al diritto di asilo sia regolamentato diversamente da quanto lo sia attualmente.
4) Sia necessario rendere più efficaci le norme volte a aiutare le persone più vulnerabili, come i minori non accompagnati.
Grazie al Parlamento Europeo per il Suo costante impegno sul tema!
Enrique Villamor Ramos
11 February 2021
What are the next things to do in the European Union to stop some problems of Spain?
For example there's a big conflict between Spain and Catalonia, because Catalonia wants to get the independence but the Spanish Constitución don't let them do it. Can the European Union stop the problem in Catalonia?
4^ B del Liceo Fonseca di Napoli
11 February 2021
The European Commission issued a new proposal regarding immigration and asylum on 23 September 2020.

We expected a change to the Dublin system, which holds the first country of entry responsible for handling an immigrants’ request for asylum. This has stayed the same.

The proposed system, which allows member States a certain flexibility in terms of their contribution to immigrant reception, has also left us puzzled.

Would it not be better to establish fixed rules that manage to find a balance between the need to protect the rights of immigrants and the needs of the countries who find themselves at the gateway to Europe?

One of the pillars of the European Union is solidarity and we firmly believe it is necessary to show solidarity both inside and outside the Union.

All European Countries should put aside their own particular and act together in the interests of all: this is the only way for Europe to really be a force to contend with.

María Ramos López
10 February 2021
En la Carta de los Derechos Humanos de la UE, se habla sobre el derecho a la vida y sobre que nadie puede ser condenado a pena de muerte(Artículo 2).
Sin embargo; en muchos Países, España por ejemplo, criminales quedan sueltos tras cumplir condena por haber asesinado, violado, maltratado etc a otras personas sin arrepentirse de ello y no solo eso si no que tras ser libres siguen violando, maltratando y cometiendo delitos que no respetan los derechos que tenemos todos como personas sabiendo que todos somos iguales y es algo fundamental que no es que se debe de respetar es que es algo que debería formar parte de nuestra cultura, nuestra educación
y formación.
Y lo más triste no es eso, si no que la mayoría de personas maltratadas, torturadas y violadas son mujeres a manos de hombres con lo cual también es otro de los derechos que no se respeta pues según el articulo 21 se prohíbe la discriminación, y en este caso se está discriminando a las mujeres además de no respetando otro de los artículos (articulo 23)el cual dice que debe garantizarse la igualdad entre mujeres y hombre en todo momento.. un ejemplo de ello es la discriminación salarial.
Con esto no quiero decir que quiero que mueran más hombres si no que se intente evitar que personas queden en libertad y vuelvan a cometer estos crímenes , y más cuando tras ser absueltos por primera vez ya admiten que no se arrepienten de sus hechos. Para que así mueran muchas menos mujeres y obviamente menos hombres, y haya algo más de igualdad pues en mi opinión el derecho a la vida es fundamental y se debe respetar y nadie es quien para quitarle ni ese ni ninguno de los derechos a nadie.
¿Qué opina la UE al respecto?¿Se debería condenar a estas personas a prisión permanente?
Algo que me gustaría proponer como reforma de la carta es que en vez de utilizarse “Mujeres y hombres” y marcar la distinción entre sexos se utilizara otra palabra, como por ejemplo ‘personas’
Victor, Timothée, Robin, Léo and Mathys
10 February 2021
The CAP is an aid of the European Union which aims to help our European farmers with financial support, in order to improve agricultural productivity and guarantee food security for European citizens.

However, the better funded (farmers) are only the larger ones, while the smaller ones suffer from daily uncertainty as they often produce food that is healthier for the environment and the consumer. The latter suffer from unequal competition at national and European level.

Thus, we can ask ourselves whether a revaluation of the CAP is surely more preferable, fairer to small producers, in order to guarantee food and health security for European citizens. Moreover, this could improve environmental awareness and solidarity with our smallest producers.

Our role would be to buy more locally from our producers while guaranteeing our fundamental rights with the help of EU, it would be easier and cheaper, we will be able to save our fellow citizens and our planet.